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How does Linux work and how to use it to get the most out of it? Step by step guide

For years, out of ignorance or fear of trying new methods, users have created a barrier to using Linux. Still, the developers haven’t let it go away and have looked for ways to make it compatible with Windows and other operating systems to expand the market.

And when you look at the evolution of the distributions of Linux in recent years, it is observed that each time we seek to create a visually pleasing graphical interface, so that the migration process is less traumatic.

For you to make a final decision, we have created this course, in which we will know some of the functions of Linux, the configuration that must be made to the distribution you like to get the most out of it and how to install the programs or applications to the operating system. You will be able to clarify many of your doubts, so go ahead.

What is Linux and how does this operating system kernel work?

Early versions of Linux

GNU / Linux is a free or open source operating system, which means that the user can modify it without having any legal problem. Is a alternative to other systems that dominate the market, although it has not been able to establish itself in the field of personal computers.

Linux can be customized according to the tastes of each one. In the different distributions it maintains the kernel, but the software combinations vary. In most of them there is a database from which the extra applications that are needed to complete the environment are downloaded. Among the outstanding functions of Linux, we can indicate that it is multitasking, multi-user, includes programmable shells, can be used on any device and it is efficient with internal network and internet connections.

How does the distribution influence the uses I can make of the Linux operating system?

Each of the Linux distributions includes particular characteristics and has a goal specific. To date, around 600 can be counted, so Before installing one you must be clear about the use you are going to give it. There are distros that are more complex than others, so the one you choose can limit you by not knowing it in depth or, instead, open a world of opportunities.

Some distributions are for expert users, for servers, critical environments or hacking, while there is other friendlier distros, which serve for office work, play games or perform home functions.

It could be a disadvantage, but if we look at it from another point of view, we would have a specialized distro depending on the area in which we work, which will facilitate the work. The ideal is to test them before installing them and a good way is run them from a removable device so as not to damage the system that we have installed. Then we will decide whether to leave it or not.

Learn step by step how to use the Linux command console like a pro

Although Linux distributions have evolved for the better and already include windows similar to those used by Windows, If you want to get the most out of all its functions, you must learn to use the command console.

Let’s see:

What is the console?

Command console in Open SUSE

It is a Linux program that allows technicians and advanced users to control all the details of the system using commands. From there it is possible to run the binaries, although it is mostly used to manage programs that do not have a graphical interface. On the other hand, Linux includes the PATH function, where you can save the commands and run them without going to their source directory.

What are the most used commands?

Although modern graphical interfaces exist for Linux, commands are the tool of choice for programmers to get things done quickly and easily.

The most used are the following:

  • cd: change directory.
  • rmdir: delete the indicated directory.
  • rm: delete the file
  • cp: copy the files to the indicated place.
  • Clear: leaves the terminal clean of all text.
  • Cat: lists the lines that a file contains.
  • pwd: shows the directory in which you are working.
  • wget– Download a file from a website.
  • ps: indicates the processes that the system is executing.
  • unzip: decompress a file.

How to run commands on the Linux console

To execute a command from the console, you must open the symbol that is on your desktop, once it is executed write the command you need. At the end, we press the key “Enter”Confirming the request.

Discover in detail what are the steps you must take to install programs in Linux easily and simply

APT package manager on Linux

Learning to install programs is often one of the nightmares for new users. The main way to do it is through the terminal And if you follow these steps, it can be done quickly and safely.

Go for it:

  • For install using APT: sudo apt-get install nombre_del_programa
  • To actualize programs: sudo apt-get upgrade
  • Install program “.deb”: sudo dpkg –i nombre_del_programa.deb
  • Update repository Of applications: sudo apt-get update
  • Repair A program: sudo dpkg-reconfigure nombre_de_programa
  • Install program “.yum”: sudo yum install nombre_del_programa or sudo dnf install nombre_del_programa
  • Install a “.rpm” program: sudo rpm –i nombre_del_programa

These are the main commands, although each package manager can bring some additional details. Once you run a command, it is possible that you see other commands on the screen while the process is running.

List of the best Linux distributions you should know to start using this open source operating system

If you have come this far it is because you are going to start in the Linux world and you want try a tool that is practical, simple and friendly for study work, research at home or for any daily use.

You can start with any of these five distros that we have chosen, which will give you what you are looking for without complicating your life:

Debian

Debian Linux distro website

It is one of the first Linux distributions and is popular for being stable, for its hassle-free update, it has hardware support and of course it’s open source. It was released in 1993 and went created for any user to use, having behind many people who work to add functions and make it more and more practical, especially for the less experienced. It is downloaded from its official website.

Ubuntu

Ubuntu Core download site

This distribution is based on Debian, an aspect that guarantees stability at the outset. It also has an easy-to-use user interface based on GNOME, including a good variety of tools. The package updater APT, which is its application manager, is another of its advantages, because from there you can install everything you need. Its appearance is similar to that of Windows, so the adaptation is simple and not very traumatic.

Linux Tails

Linux Tails website

This distro is also based on Debian and one of its main references is that guarantees security and anonymity when browsing the internet, having the particularity that it can be used directly from the USB memory without leaving any kind of traces. On the other hand, we must emphasize that your installation includes frequently used applications, such as a web browser, office suite, image and sound editor, among others. To download it, you just have to enter its official site.

Linux Mint

Linux Mint desktop interface

Although it is based on Ubuntu, it is much lighter, faster and easier to use. Its appearance is similar to Windows 7, making it easy for new users to learn and adapt. One of the advantages is that it can be used as soon as the installation is completed because includes several applications commonly used. Linux Mint is frequently updated and by entering your website we can not only download it, but also see up to which year you have guaranteed technical support.

Oracle

Oracle OS interface for Linux

This distro works since 2006 offering file management in the cloud, guaranteeing stability and performance to users. Downloading applications is easy by including the “DNF” package manager. Its distribution is completely free as well as the updates that are published during the useful life of each version.