Given the large number of applications for Linux operating systemIt is logical to think that there is a distribution that has several versions adapted for different jobs in this environment. This distro exists, and its name is Fedora.
It is one of the most popular distros, since each version includes a variety of editions geared towards a specific function, so regardless of what use you want to give your Linux PC, Fedora is the proper distribution.
Is one of the most automated GNU / Linux systems available, which makes it very easy to configure, and quite a practical option for users who have a specific use in mind for their PC.
Fedora versions What are they and what to consider when choosing one?
The fedora distro is one of the most popular not only because it is fluid and stable, but also because It is divided into a variety of editions that are adapted to the main use that the user wishes to give it. to your PC.
These are the Workstation, Server, Core OS, Silverblue and IoT (Internet of Things) editions:
- Fedora Workstation: it focuses on the desktop environment and, in particular, is intended for developers looking for an “exclusive work” experience.
- Fedora Server: is an edition of the distro geared towards system administrators. It comes with an easy to control and deploy interface, and represents the cutting edge of server software.
- Fedora Core OS: this edition has just emerged. It is a minimalist, self-updating operating system for handling compartmentalized and scaled workloads.
- Fedora Silverblue: It is an operating system that deploys a fixed desktop, and is intended to support container-focused work.
- Fedora IoT: is an edition of Fedora that offers an open source system for ecosystem management IoT (Internet of Things).
We show you step by step how to install Fedora 32 on Linux on your computer quickly and easily
Fedora 32 It is one of the latest versions of the distribution, which makes it one of the most innovative and popular thanks to the variety of utilities it has. The installation method for any of its editions is the same, and consists of creating a bootable drive, installing the OS, and configuring it.
Let’s see the steps to follow:
Create bootable disk or USB
To get started, the first step is to download the ISO file of the Fedora edition you want to use. The official website of the operating system
getfedora.org/es/ offers links to download all available editions of version 32.
You must select a USB stick of at least 1GB of storage that you will have to insert in your PC. Then open the terminal and run the command
dmesg to identify the USB stick.
You will see information similar to this:
[32656.573467] sd 8:0:0:0: [sdX] Attached SCSI removable disk
You must take note of the data in brackets, as it will be the label to identify the USB. Then download the tool Unetbootin from your page on sourceforge and install. Open Unetbootin and select the distribution you want to write to the USB device, then make sure that the selected USB is the correct one by identifying yourself with the name shown in the command information
dmesg. After this, you just have to press “To accept” , and the tool will take care of writing the ISO file to the USB.
Install Linux from BIOS
The next step is to turn on your PC and enter the BIOS, for this, you must press the key “DEL / Delete” repeatedly. Depending on the make and models of your PC, the BIOS setup commands may vary (F2, F8, F10, F12).
Select option “Advanced BIOS features” or “Boot Devices”, where you will find the section “First Boot”. There you must select the configured USB device, and it must be connected to the PC. Finally, the setup itself will give you the instructions to save the settings, after which only you must restart the computer and Fedora will be installed.
Configure Fedora 32
The last step is to prepare the Fedora configuration once it is installed on your computer’s hard drive.
For which you must follow these steps:
- Start Fedora Live and select the option “Install to Hard Drive”
- Choose regional data, that is, language, date, time and time zone. For this, the simplest option is to select “Network time”
The next phase is a bit more complex, since it is about defining the size of the hard disk partitions.
To perform this step, be guided by the following instructions:
- Opens the native partition tool Fedora and select the option “+”
- Choose the first mount point “Boot / efi” and set its size between 200 and 350 Megabytes (MB).
- Press the option “Add mount point”.
- click on the space labeled as unused and press “+” again.
- Establishes the root mount point as (/) and define its size between 22 and 25 Gigabytes (GB)
- Press again “Add mount point”.
- For the last time, select the remaining space and create a new mount point pressing “+”.
- Create the partition Defined as Swap which will function as a usable memory that avoids the saturation of the hard disk.
- Given that Swap will use the total remaining memory, press directly on “Add mount point”.
Once the partitions are defined, click on “Done” and press “Start installation” when prompted. This will start the Fedora 32 installation with all the settings set.
Learn step by step how to install Red Hat Linux Fedora 18 on your computer like an expert
The version number 18 of the Fedora distribution is a satisfactory option to install on your PC, so below we will guide you through the necessary steps.
Go for it:
Before installing Fedora 18 on your PC, you must follow 3 essential steps, so you will have everything at hand for when you start the installation process:
- Download the ISO file of the edition you need, preferably from its official website for greater security.
- Write the image to a CD / DVD or, more recommended, in a USB. This process can easily be done using tools like Balena Etcher.
Configure your BIOS so that it starts with the external device of your choice
- Start the Boot manager and select the option “Start Fedora 18”, after which we will click on the button “Live System User”.
- Install on the hard drive selecting this option in the side panel of the graphical interface, when the window opens, click on “Install to Hard Drive”.
- Set region options, that is to say, date, time, time zone, preferably selecting the default time on your internet connection.
- Designate the partitions according to your needs. Partitioning will give you the option to format the PC and install over the previous operating system, deleting it and resetting everything to zero. This is the fastest and easiest option, perfect for novice users.
For advanced users there is the option of assign manually the space of the partitions.
The most recommended procedure is to divide the space into three partitions:
- Root partition: must be mounted on “/” and assign it a minimum size of 5GB.
- Home partition: located in “/home” and assign a size that you think is convenient.
- Swap partition: works as a kind of backup memory. This partition cannot be omitted and its size is variable, but the minimum must be 1GB.
List of the best alternative Linux distributions to Fedora that you should know right now
Now we all agree that Linux has one of the greatest diversities operating systems, and in which Fedora is not even close to the only option to have a multipurpose OS, so We will show you five other Linux distributions that you will surely enjoy as well.
It is an operating system distributed by Oracle and compiled from Red Hat Enterprise Linux source code, offering full compatibility with your applications. Oracle has a fully operational environment that facilitates user access to many Oracle products, such as Oracle Cloud and Oracle Exadata, in addition to having constant support and regular updates.
Currently the most popular Linux distribution, based on Debian and oriented to the average user, Ubuntu offers great ease of use and is focused on improving the user experience. Among its best features are its security and friendly user interfaceNot to mention it has very low system requirements and has a vast support community.
It is one of the best and best known Linux distributions based on Ubuntu, has a wide variety of open source applications, with proprietary software and a very complete multimedia support. It can be found for free on its official page and on a lot of mirror sites, its installation is easy and has a very respectable customization ability so you will not find two users of Linux Mint with two exactly the same setups.
This distro It is designed for x86-64 architecture computers, and is aimed at more experienced users. It has a pre-design to work in community so it has constant support. Has a strong focus on keeping the system clean, so does not have stock apps pre-installed, offering instead an extensive software library which is constantly updated.
It is one of the oldest Linux distributions out there, and on which many other widely used distros are based today and, even today, one of the most popular operating systems for PCs and servers.
Since its creation, Debian has been distributed for free and free, and its continuous development is due to the great community that supports it and the fact that the entire project is coordinated via the internett among a group of volunteers who follow a series of specific rules to update and develop the distro.