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Rural Internet: What is it and what are the main types of connection in rural areas or with little coverage?

Rural Internet: What is it and what are the main types of connection in rural areas or with little coverage?

Spain is one of the main countries where it has more fiber optic lines in relation to its territory and also DSL wiring in much of the country, there are places (especially rural) where for a logistics issue or cost, you can’t reach these places with this wiring technology.

Many times, this also happens by a simple choice of the people who live in those places. They prefer not to have fiber optic technology and instead choose the Internet by telephone wiring which has a very low speed . Today they have a speed that was used several decades ago.

But calm, if you want to stay connected to the Internet at all times you can do it. In this article we want to show you all the specifications and features that have this kind of technology, a bit dated, in rural places.

What is the rural Internet and how is it different from the urban connections?

The rural Internet service is provided through a voice band by a 56k modem telephone lines are the conductors of this data. They have a very important problem today, since the maintenance by the telephone provider companies is not one of the best because they were inclined to provide fiber optic services. What is the most convenient and updated today.

The main difference lies between a rural Internet and a city Internet is the speed of uploading and downloading it . In the city we can watch videos or any other type of high quality streaming infidelity while for rural areas this is practically impossible.

Installation in areas where they do not have optical fiber is done through a modem which is connected to the telephone line and provides a very different service to an optical fiber modem. The installation volume of these modems is completely different, the second is almost friendship in volume than the first.

Red rural con conexión por WiFi

What are the main Internet connection types for field and remote areas with little coverage?

If you have a house in the country or you simply find yourself in these rural areas sporadically, the types of Internet connection you are going to have are the following:


It is named for its acronym in “ Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access “, which works with microwaves, which means that it works with radio waves the standard is IEEE 802.16 MAN .

This data transmission provides broadband services in places where the deployment of fiber optic cables cannot reach Rural populations or simply the cost is very high.

In some cases we can also find a license-free transmission frequency of 5.4 GHz , they get important limitations because they are operational between some specific brands. With this we want to tell you that if you want to communicate with another provider other than the related brands you will not be able to do it.

In the center of the standard connection there are two types of variants for which you can access the Internet:

  • One is 802.16d, also called fixed access . Which establishes a link through a radio between a base station and the user equipment that wants to establish that communication speeds, which although theoretical reach up to 70 Mbit / s with a frequency of 20 MHz.
  • And the other case of connection variant is 802.16e, commonly called full mobility . This allows, of the previous variant, to have an Internet connection without being in the user’s home. It is a mode similar to GSM, which is currently competing with LTE technology.

Among the advantages of this type of connection we can name that they provide a mobile or portable broadband connectivity through a variety of devices, provides the service « triple play «, that is to say it works as a phone it provides data and serves for IPTV services.

Another advantage is that we can name is that they work for smart grids and as part of a business plan .

3G y 4G - Internet móvil

Satellite Internet

This type of connection refers to a method in which the Internet can be accessed using a satellite link . It is searched for those places where there is no such wiring or access to an optical fiber, its great advantages is that it is very expensive when using it.

The signals through an ascending beam reach the satellite by a link and down to the earth through a descending beam. This can be done when you can prevent the falling beams from interposing with each other when you can use or have a greater amount of energy to transmit from Earth.

In other words, means that in order to send our waves to the receiving antenna we would have to be very well located to avoid interference .

Hotspot Devices

The Hotspot, or connection technology is a way of entering the Internet through a wireless network that has connected to the service provider with a router .

These types of telecommunications are almost always high demand areas with respect to traffic, thus generating coverage conditions to cover all user demand at the time of their Internet connection wirelessly.

The service can be covered by wi-fi and is widely used in public places such as libraries, bars, train stations, airports and many other places. In almost all these places your access is free.

The frequency with which it works is 2.4 Ghz (802.11b and / or 802.11g) or 5 Ghz (802.11ac) depending on where the user is and the signal emitting device. This will depend on the speed of loading and unloading data.

Internet para zonas rurales

WiMax vs Satellite, which is better Internet vs which devices are better? for rural areas and faster?

If what you want is not to run out of Internet in those rural places, we want to present you with an analysis so you can compare which ones are best for you . At the end of this article we will issue our conclusions regarding this issue, but it is always at your discretion which one is best for you according to your real needs.

We will prioritize the connection speed and the monthly service cost. Within this analysis we want to set aside the company that provides the services, for this we are going to reduce the data in averages according to the studies we have done comparing the different companies.

WiMAX – Low speed

It is a good alternative for non-urban areas, its installation cost is € 72.50 , offering an unlimited download limit, its speed varies from 3Mb to 9Mb > (something to consider and pay attention to). The average monthly fee is € 29.90.

Now if what you need is not only to have Internet but also to add telephony to your service, the only thing that will vary is the monthly fee where the average will become € 42 per month offering calls of up to 1200 minutes for local destinations.

Satellite Internet – There is no 100% coverage span>

If we want to talk about satellite Internet, the connections will depend on where you are and the plan you choose, but on average you can get a speed between 30 Mb and 50 Mb (much higher than the point previous WiMAX) , including a landline. Its monthly value varies between € 34.90 to € 79.90 per month .

We reiterate that it depends on where you are since there are areas in which there is no 100% coverage for this type of services.

Mobile Internet – A little more expensive than the rest

If we talk about mobile Internet we are talking about 3G and 4G technology, there is a marked difference between the companies that provide this service and like the satellite connection, it will depend on where you are in order to obtain one or another connection. The advantage of this system is that the whole country is covered by these connections.

For all cases the limits of data consumption were analyzed, companies offer between 50 GB to 80 GB , but also you can find unlimited consumption paying a little more . The maximum speed they reach is in the order of 20 Mb to 50 Mb (something important if you give preference to this type of need) and have a cost of € 39.95 to 55 , € 40.


With this analysis we want to recommend you, and although we have said it before, they will depend on your needs and circumstances. That is, if you go or find yourself in rural areas for a long time, you will have to choose one or another service or if you find yourself sporadically, it is not necessary to hire that provider in which it gives you higher connection speeds.

But, to summarize, we will tell you that the best thing for these cases is to have a mobile Internet because it gives you a better connection and download of data at a speed greater than the other options and has coverage in all Spanish territory .

The disadvantage of these services is that it is a bit more expensive than the rest.