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What and how many versions of the Linux Operating System are there to date? 2020 list

The largest technology communities around the world always have been started thanks to the immense enthusiasm of hobbyists, who have done their bit to improve the world.

When we talk about free license software, it immediately leads us to think that there is a gigantic community that stands out and overshadows all the others. Thus In this lengthy article we are going to delve into a prominent community of open source operating systems.

So If you have a complaint with your operating system current or need to work in a specific area, surely here you will find the ideal system for you.

What unique features did the first version of the open source Linux operating system have?

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<p><strong>Linux</strong> is an open source operating system that <strong>It is mainly based on the C language.</strong></p>
<p>This was first created by <strong>Linus Torvalds,</strong> a student of Computer Science, originally from Finland. His fledgling creation of <strong>1991,</strong> It quickly managed to attract the attention of other developers, who, with ideas from other open source software, managed to create a robust operating system.</p>
<p>The idea for this was conceived in Helsinki; capital of the mentioned country. Because Torvalds had access to servers <strong>Unix</strong> from your university, <strong>the system he used to create his kernel was "Minix".</strong></p>
<p>Like all great creations, this <strong>it was a personal project</strong> who was only looking for the convenience of Torvalds when using his computer.</p>
<p><strong>The main features that stand out of this software we will know below:</strong></p>
<li>The main one that defines Linux is that it is of a ¬ę<strong>Open source</strong>¬ę, Or said in Spanish, open source.</li>
<li>It is completely free and to buy it, just download it from a dealer on the Internet.</li>
<li>"Preferred multitasking" is a feature that stands out a lot, as no other system has this ability to work with many applications without interference between them. Unlike multitasking <strong>Windows</strong> which is known as ¬ęCooperative Multitasking¬Ľ.</li>
<li>Among the strengths of Linux we have that all types of networks can be managed with great precision, which also excels in Internet access.</li>
<li>Given the previous point, this also facilitates the ability to turn the computer into a server, with costs well below the real ones.</li>
<li>Originally Linux was not created to be a portable system, but today practically all its distributions are.</li>
<li>Linux presents all the basic components for the development of solid programs and software through the languages: ¬ęC¬Ľ, ¬ęC ++¬Ľ, ¬ęObjectiveC¬Ľ, ¬ęPascal¬Ľ, ¬ęFortran¬Ľ, ¬ęBASIC¬Ľ, among others that favor the environment of a developer.</li>
<li>A very important point that undoubtedly makes Linux stand out is its high security, which is accompanied by the great collective contribution of thousands of developers.</li>
<li>"Multi-user" is another feature that makes it what it is today, allowing multiple users access to the same resources without interference.</li>
<li>Finally, the fact that this system can be adapted to any device cannot be left out. A clear example is the Android system, which as we will see much later is also a Linux distribution.</li>
<h2><span class= Chronology of all versions of the Linux operating system that exist

A ¬ęDistro¬Ľ as Linux versions are generally known, it is simply a distribution of GNU / Linux software that includes a program package, according to the needs for which it was created.

In this case we have prepared an extensive list of the Distro organized according to the chronological order to which they correspond.

We must emphasize that in it We have left out all versions that are not supported or were failed projects. This in order to save you unnecessary reading time, since we would not have a list of more than 800 versions of Linux.

So after Linus Torvalds created his fledgling operating system in 1991 for mere amusement, Enthusiastic collaborators arrived and the first of them emerged:

Linux 0.12

Linux 0.12

It is the first Linux distribution in the world, created by HJ Lu in 1992.

The installation had to be carried out with 2 floppy disks, one of which was in charge of booting the computer and the other of rooting it. For the process to be successful, the team needed to have a hex editor.

MCC Interim Linux

MCC Interim Linux

This is a very old Linux distribution developed at the Manchester Computer Center, England also in 1992.

It was created by Owen Le Blanc, and stood out for being the first installment capable of being installed independently on any PC. It was publicly distributed on an FTP server of the aforementioned university.

Tamu Linux

Tamu Linux

A few months later, in the same year 1992, another Linux installment emerged developed at Texas A&M in conjunction with Unix and Linux User Group. This third installment was the first to offer a variety of windows on the system and not just a simple text editor.

Softlanding Linux Systems (SLS)

Softlanding Linux Systems (SLS)

This version of Linux was released almost in parallel with the previous one, with the difference that It lays the foundation for the best Linux releases known today.

It was based on MCC Interim Linux and was devised by Peter Mcdonald.

As we mentioned before, 2 of the Linux Distro that are still in force were based on SLS, these are ¬ęSlackware ¬Ľ and Debian.


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<p>This distribution <strong>was launched in the middle of 1992,</strong> and from its release until almost the end of the 90's it dominated the software market.</p>
<p>Based on SLS and the versions shown previously, this is the oldest that<strong> still in update and validity.</strong></p>
<h3><span class= YGGDRASIL

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<p>Developed by a company founded by <strong>Adam J. Richter</strong> in California, it was the first Distro to be distributed via CD ROM. Furthermore, this version was the first to be configured using Plug And Play.</p>
<p>The same<strong> was released</strong> <strong>at the end of 1992</strong> by Yggdrasil Computing Inc.</p>
<h3><span class= Debian

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<p>Dating from <strong>mid 1993,</strong> It is the most solid Linux operating system and that despite the years it is constantly updated.</p>
<p>As we said, it was based on SLS and was developed by <strong>Ian Murdock.</strong> This was available both on CD-ROM and by downloading from the Internet.</p>
<p>This version can be said that <strong>establishes a before and after in the history of Linux,</strong> since many of the other Distros are Debian based.</p>
<p>This software is very versatile because <strong>adapts to multiple teams,</strong> apart from that it is also available in a large number of languages.</p>
<h3><span class= Red Hat Linux

Red Hat Linux

It is one of the oldest versions of Linux that is still in force today. Although, it does it under another name after merging with Fedora.

It was launched by the Red Hat company in 1994 and it is one of the few commercial versions. After its merger in 2003 it works under the name of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

It was the first version to use package management tools for programs, and laid the groundwork for other versions to implement them.

Mandrake or Mandriva Linux

Mandrake Linux

Launched on 1998, based on Red Hat Linux and addressed to the public with personal computers. It was the ideal system for both beginners and advanced in the areas of computing.

The developer of this system was the Co-founder of the French company MandrakeSoft, Gael Duval.

I came Linux

I came Linux

This is a Linux distribution for Japanese, it is a fork of the well-known Red Hat sponsored by VineCaves. The development of this installment It started in 1998 and in 2000 it was released to the public.


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<p>This is a subsystem that carries the Linux kernel without problems and that focuses on working on computers with very low architectures, 16 bits for example. <strong>It was previously known as Linux-8086 and started operating in 1999.</strong></p>
<h3><span class= Yellow dog

Yellow dog

It is a distribution that is around the year 1999 developed almost on par with Red Hat Linux and based on it.
With the difference that it was focused on running perfectly on computers with Power PC processors.


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<p>This is a version of Linux with industrial applications and that improves development on Host computers. <strong>All their packages are usually open source</strong> so for your departure in <strong>1999</strong> it was a breakthrough.</p>
<h3><span class= SmoothWall

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<p>This distro was released in the year 2000 as one of the best Firewalls of the time. Which in addition to providing network security service<strong> it also functioned as a server.</strong></p>
<h3><span class= CRUX Linux

Crux Linux

It is one of the first minimalist versions of Linux, simple and developer-oriented. It was released in 2001 and currently continues to work with the Linux kernel. Updates are made by numerous developers in the CRUX community.


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<p>This distribution is also known as DebianEdu, in short it is an educational version of debian that was released in 2001. <strong>Devised as a resource for Norwegian schools</strong> to facilitate children's learning and improve teacher evaluation methods.</p>
<h3><span class= PA-RISC Linux


This is a simple distribution that came out in the course of 2001, in order that computers with PA-RISC processors could enjoy a system with the Linux Kernel.

Arch Linux

Arch Linux

In the year 2002, Judd Vinet created Arch Linux based on Crux. Therefore it is also a minimalist installment, characterized by including few applications in its installation. It is one of the first to automatically receive online updates.


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<p><strong>This is a German delivery of the Open Source system with Linux kernel,</strong> It is completely portable and can be easily carried on both a USB stick and CD, or later DVDs.</p>
<p>It was created in <strong>2002 by Klaus Knopper,</strong> who relied on Debian to carry out this release. It is characterized by maintaining a free desktop environment, which is known as LXDE.</p><!--CusAdsVi1-->
<h3><span class= Gentoo Linux

Gentoo Linux

This version never had an official launch, however, it has been operating under the Gentoo name since 2002.

Said name refers to the papua penguin, in consideration that the pet of this system is a bird of this type. It easily adapts to any architecture and offers great performance for those experienced users with font packages.

Oracle Linux

Oracle Linux

This system began to operate as Support for Oracle Red Hat Linux users in 2002. But, due to its usefulness years later, it was consolidated as a unique Distro.

It is currently certified by servers such as IBM, Dell, Cisco and HP, so It can be purchased free online from the Oracle site.

Clear OS

Clear OS

This Linux distribution was released in mid 2002, also based on Red Hat. Although it also has some CentOS packages.

This version at the beginning of 2002 it was known as Clark Connect and it was made for small companies with server functions.

Connochaet OS

Connochaet OS

Originally was known in 2002 as DeLi Linux, it was later restructured based on Salix and Slackware to be known as Connochaet OS.

Focused on running on older computers or of few resources, but without neglecting the modern environment for that time.

Despite the setbacks that this installment has faced, From 2016 onwards I have not stopped receiving updates.

Lunar Linux

Lunar Linux

Lunar It was released in the beginning of 2002 under the source code and the Linux kernel. It stands out because it adapts very well to the needs of its users and because it has a simple boot with little complex packages.

Lunar Linux is very versatile and works with X86 and X86-64 builds the same way.

SME server

SME server

In mid-2002 approximately, this version was consolidated in the market, since it was previously in the hands of various owners. As you can guess thanks to its name, this software provides services of links ports, better known as server.

Source Mage

Source Mage

Both the old name "Sorcercer" and the interface of this operating system they hint at black magic and sorcery, in this case of computer programs.

Esotericism aside this software allows better computer control compared to other versions, which can be considered magical.

And since a spell is nothing but a set of instructions, this Distro instead of making the distributions with binaries does them with source code, Which is why developers found it a good name for their project.

Vector Linux

Vector Linux

This is a version that has the Linux kernel, adaptable to any computer structure and aimed at the average user.

It has an excellent interface and the graphic part is very well developed, The credit goes to Robert S. Lange, who relied on Slackware for its development. The support is maintained today by a large number of enthusiasts, who keep this excellent Distro current.


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<p>It is a particular distribution launched in 2002 by the <strong>"Organization for Free Software in education and teaching". </strong>Who relied on Knoppix and Debian to distribute a bootable CD-ROM that features an interactive interface.</p>
<p>As you may have guessed from the name and description <strong>This delivery was made for educational purposes.</strong></p>
<h3><span class= Linux From Scratch

Linux From Scratch

This installment like the previous one, has educational purposes but focused on those developers who want to learn how to develop their own System.

This program also includes a book written by Gerard Beekmans, where it is explained correctly how to support all the components of the computer so that they integrate correctly with the system. It was also introduced in 2002.

Black panther

Black panther

This version was developed for Hungary in 2002 based on Mandriva and made by Charles Barcza.

Since 2003, all of its annual updates have come with very particular code names that will surely capture your attention: Shadow, Darkness, Walking Dead, Silent Killer among others.

PLD Linux

PLD Linux

We are facing a Debian clone but made by and for the people of Poland, in 2002.

It is a desktop version for common use on any computer, with a predominant language in Polish but also in English.

Caixa Magica

Caixa Magica

This is one distribution of portugal therefore the predominant language is Portuguese.

Although it is a copy of Debían, Subsequently, a newer version, also recognized worldwide, was added to SUSE packages.

This software is for common public use and does not include specific tools for advanced activities.

Phayoune Secure Linux

Phayoune Secure Linux

This is one of the few thai deliveries Linux that came out in 2002.

Brings great features Web server, firewall and other good integrated products for corporate purposes.

It is mainly based on Fedora and Linux From Scratch. It supports any architecture.


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<p>It is an open source software that <strong>allows multiple developers to create thin or special purpose clients,</strong> usually for x86 structures.</p>
<p>Giving them greater autonomy over the hardware they work with, this distro <strong>it is active from 2002 onwards.</strong></p>
<p><strong>It is not a version for end users at all,</strong> therefore you must have programming knowledge and experience in Linux</p>
<h3><span class= MontaVista Linux

MontaVista Linux

This powerful software allows to develop integrated systems for electronic equipment of common consumption, for example mobile phone processors.

Launched in early 2002 and mainly known as Hard Hat, based on the Linux Kernel.


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<p>This is software that allows you to bring the Linux Kernel to devices without memory units.</p>
<p>Currently supported by two large technology communities which are <strong>Arcturus Network and Cyberguard.</strong></p>
<p>It is an embedded Linux project, so it helps the kernel of <strong>it runs on phones, DVDs, iPods, and some microprocessors.</strong></p>
<h3><span class= Bio-Linux

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<p>This is one <strong>powerful Distro with large programming libraries</strong> and tools for the development of bioinformatics.</p>
<p>It was launched by the thematic program of environmental genomics in the <strong>2002.</strong></p>
<h3><span class= GeeXboX

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<p>This is another minimalist Linux distribution dedicated to <strong>x86 medium architecture computers.</strong></p>
<p>It was started in 2002, in order to <strong>turn your computer into a media player.</strong></p>
<h3><span class= Mindi Linux

Mindi Linux

This version of Linux allows creating boot images for computers using the cores.

This installment is better known by the name of Mondo Rescue, and started in 2002.


Floppy Fw

This is very simple software that it is used to establish the firewall in small corporate networks, It has been operational since 2002.

Dyne Bolic

Dyne Bolic

This is a distribution with the Linux kernel that is focused on multimedia playback, very similar to GeeXbox.

It is a version open to developers, and with the plus of some standard multimedia editing tools.


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<p>Linux Terminal Server Project is a tool that includes a great variety of packages that allow <strong>run Linux on low-capacity computers.</strong></p>
<p>It was released in 2002 and is the last of this year on this list. Notably <strong>It perfectly serves as a small business server.</strong></p>
<h3><span class= Fedora

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<p>Fedora is <strong>one of the largest Linux distributions,</strong> It has been operational since 2003.</p>
<p><strong>Currently merged with Red Hat,</strong> It is a multipurpose system with which both developers and common users can meet their goals.</p>
<h3><span class= Cent OS

Cent OS

The Cent OS project started in 2003 and was based on the newly merged Red Hat packages.

It is a complete operating system that allows the user to enjoy all the services of a quality system.

Although, it is more focused on a business audience due to the packages it allows to use.

PC Linux OS

PC Linux OS

This Linux Distribution works since 2003 and was based on Mandriva, reason why we can intuit that it is of excellent quality.

It has so many desktop versions as specialized versions for the diverse needs of users.